Monday, October 27, 2014

Second and Third form update - week 8 - October 27

In today's class we learned about the eight different types of pronouns - and then learned how decline the first person personal pronoun.  We also discussed how pronouns refer to or take the place of the antecedent and the need to be careful when using pronouns in writing so that the meaning is clear.

In third form, the next few lessons focus on old vocabulary.  The key is to have mastery over these words so that time is not used looking for the meanings.  Our grammar lesson for today was on the VOCATIVE case.  This case is used when someone is directly addressed - often in conjunction with an imperative: Rachel, clean your room.  The subject of this sentence is the understood you - with Rachel being in the Vocative.

Homework:
1. Re read the text book pages: 24, 26-27; Third form: 26, 28, and 29
2. Workbook pages 42-45; Third Form: 52-59
3. Notecards + derivatives
4. Review, review, review!
5. Upcoming projects: Caleb - Nov 10 - Trojan War; Stephen - Nov 17 - Leonidas; Rachel - Dec 1 - Sisyphus.

First Form Latin update - week 8 - October 27

In today's lesson we learned how to conjugate verbs in the perfect tense.  The perfect tense is for one time actions completed in the past: I walked to school yesterday.  I have lived in Europe.  I did scare that cat.

Homework:
1. Re-read the text book lesson - pages 26-27
2. Practice your vocabulary by recitation (be sure that you know words from previous lessons!)
3.  Create notecards for the new vocabulary words.  You do not need to do derivatives this week.
4. Workbook pages for lesson 8 - pages 45-49
5. Presentation - Grant - Roman Gladiators and the Colosseum - due November 4; Carson - Science in Ancient Rome - due Nov 17

Monday, October 20, 2014

Second and Third Form Latin update - week 7 - October 20

Today's class period focused on review before our Unit I test.  We worked together on parsing a sentence and then translating it from English into Latin.  The students also worked on form drills - and need to do a little more review on 3rd declension nouns and adjectives (including -i stems!).

Homework:
1.  Workbook review pages 35 - 40; Rachel pages 45-49
2. Review grammar and vocabulary!
3.  After studying, do the take home test.  It should be done without assistance of any kind.  The test should not take more than 30 - 45 minutes - but it does not need to be timed.
4. Upcoming presentations - Caleb - Nov 10 - Trojan War; Stephen - Nov 17 - Leonidas

First Form Latin update - week 7 - October 20

Unit II begins with learning the four principal parts for all the verbs we've covered thus far - and recognizing the four irregular verbs we've learned.  We also discussed complementary infinitives (specifically when used as direct objects: I love to travel; I want to wash the dog.)

Homework:
1.  Re-read the text book lessons - pages 22 - 25
2. Practice your vocabulary by recitation - be sure that you know all the words thus far.
3.  Add the third and fourth principal parts of each Latin verb to your notecards.  Be sure to check the spelling!
4.  Do the workbook pages for lesson 7 (pages 41 - 44)
5.  Presentations: Dylan - Roman Army due Oct 27; Grant - Roman Gladiators and Colosseum - Nov 3

Monday, October 13, 2014

Second and Third Form Latin update - week 6 - October 13

Second Form: In today's lesson we learned about third declension adjectives.  The endings for theses adjectives are very similar to what we saw last week with third declension -i stem nouns.

Third Form: We have now finished the perfect passive system by learning the future perfect passive tense.

Homework:
Next week will be review before our unit test.  The students especially need to work on the third declension noun endings - review, review, review!!

1.  Review all the grammar and vocabulary
2.  Re read the text book pages 20-21
3.  Workbook pages 29 - 34; Rachel: page 40-44
4.  Create and English sentence with the following: at least one genitive, a dative, a 3rd declension adjective, and an accusative.  Then translate it into Latin.  (Second Form only)

First Form Latin update - week 6 - October 13

Today was a review day.  We talked about all the grammar and terms that we have learned so far.  To study that, the students need to read their text - and then in the back of the workbook there is the entire list of grammar questions I ask the students each week in class (begin with question #10).

Here is a "trick" to translating verbs: translate them backwards.  So - if we look at the Latin word OCCUPABAS.  From the last letter of "S" - you know it's second person singular - you; from the next two letters "BA" - you know it's imperfect tense and was/were; and then you have the stem.  So...you were seizing.  

To practice in class we worked on doing a synopsis.  For this, instead of writing out the conjugation of "give" in present, imperfect, and future tenses - you just pick a person and number and then write it in the three tenses (for example: to give = dare, and in 1st person plural, it would be: damus, dabamus, and dabimus).  The students also made sure that they could translate each form.

Homework:
1. Re read the text book lessons - pages 8-21
2. Practice your vocabulary by recitation
3. Be sure you know all the Latin sayings (in English and Latin) and how to spell them correctly.
4. Workbook pages for lesson 6: pages 34-39 - you may skip questions 3 and 16 (note it's AND not THROUGH! :-) ).
5. Take home test.  The test should be taken when the student is prepared - as long as it's before class next week.  It should be monitored and taken without assistance of any kind.  The exam should not take more than 30-45 minutes - but it does not need to be timed.  If you come across any issues/questions - please don't hesitate to contact me!
6.  Project presentations: October 27: Dylan (Roman Army); November 3: Grant (Gladiators and the Colosseum;

Monday, October 6, 2014

Second and Third Form Latin update - week 5 - October 6

Today's Second Form lesson focused on two elements of Latin grammar.  The first one is 3rd declension -i stem nouns (looking at them in both genders) - and the rules that go with determining if they are -i stems or exceptions.  Secondly, we talked about the genitive case.  The genitive case is used to show possession in Latin.

In Third Form, we continued with the perfect passive system, focusing on the pluperfect passive.  The vocabulary for this week is conjunctions - but some of them function quite differently in Latin than they do in English.

Homework: 
  • Review the grammar and vocabulary! 
  • Re-read the text book pages 18-19 
  • Workbook pages 20-23; Rachel - pages 34-39
  • Notecards + derivatives 
  • Second Form: Create an English sentence with a subject and verb and at least 1 genitive, a dative, an adjective, and an accusative.  Translate into Latin 
  • Review, review, review!
  • Upcoming projects: Elizabeth - Oct 13 - Roman Baths; Caleb - Nov 10 - Trojan War 

First Form Latin update - week 5 - October 6

"Civis Romanus sum"

In English, the verb "to be" is irregular.  It is also irregular in Latin.  We learned the infinitive and present, imperfect, and future tenses of the verb.  It is important for the students to understand that there are not helping verbs in Latin - but you will need them to translate from Latin to English.

Review wise - the students need to review lesson 4 about the infinitive form.  Especially pay attention to how the infinitive is used to find the stem of a Latin verb (drop the -re from the infinitive and what is left is the present stem - this is what you use to add all the personal endings!).

Homework:
1. Re-read the text book pages 18-19
2. Practice your vocabulary words by recitation (be sure to go over ALL words that we've learned!)
3.  Be sure that you know the Latin sayings (and how to spell them correctly)
4. Do notecards for each tense of sum – include both the Latin and the English.  Also be sure to do a “regular” notecard for sum that includes the infinitive and translation.
5. Workbook pages for lesson 5 - pages 30-33

6. Upcoming projects: Oct 27 - Dylan - Roman Army; Nov 3 - Grant - Roman Gladiators and the Colosseum