Second Form: Today we reviewed the present system of first and second conjugation verbs in preparation for learning third and fourth conjugation. So - there was no new material today - but a lot for students to review over the break. Homework:
Re read pages 38-41
review, review, review the vocabulary listed in chapter 12 (70 verbs, adverbs from last year, and the Latin sayings!).
Today we learned how to decline 2nd declension nouns.
The students need to be sure that their notecards reflect the correct information. On the Latin side, there should be the nominative singular, genitive singular, and the gender:
equus, equi, m
Then on the English side - the meaning and derivatives:
The students worked on declining in the 2nd declension and quickly memorized the endings.
Read the text book pages 42-43
Workbook for lesson 15: 80-83 (you may skip questions, 4, 5, and 7 on page 80 as this follows a different pronunciation guide than what we are using.)
Make notecards for your new vocabulary words. Find an additional derivative for the words in the vocabulary list that already list a derivative. Be sure to correct your notecards from last week if they were not done in the format noted above.
In today's class we reviewed the unit material by working on translating sentences. The students are getting much better at paying attention to the endings of words so that they know how to place them in a Latin sentence. They do need to be cautious with nouns and adjective pairs - checking to see that they truly belong together.
Do the unit review in the workbook
Study your vocabulary
Complete the take home test when you are prepared (do not use assistance of any kind!)
Today we began a new unit and had our first taste of Latin nouns. There are four parts to memorize (and to have a proper dictionary entry): nominative singular, genitive singular, gender, and meaning. We spent a lot of time in class declining nouns to get used to the system and the students quickly were able to decline nouns without having to consult their books to see the endings! We even declined nouns that they haven't learned yet because they are all done the same way. They had fun trying to guess what the words might mean.
Read the text book pages 38 and 40-41
Workbook pages for lesson 14: pages 77-79 (you may skip question 17 on page 77)
Make note cards for your new vocabulary words + derivatives
Last day of class for this semester is Monday December 17
Our grammar lesson today was to learn about prepositions that are governed by the accusative case. There are a few prepositions (in and sub for example) that can take either case but the meaning is slightly changed. In + ablative means in or on. But in + accusative means into. Typically prepositions that take the accusative case have some sort of movement involved.
Re-read the text book pages 34-35
Workbook pages 61-65
Notecards + derivatives
Write two English sentences with accusative phrases and then translate them into Latin. (try to include personal pronouns, newer vocabulary, and have them be complex sentences that might also include genitive and dative forms)
Translate the following sentence into Latin: We will have dinner around the table.
In today's class we learned how to conjugate the irregular verb sum in the perfect, pluperfect, and future perfect tenses. It's interesting to find that the irregular verb is actually perfectly regular in the perfect system!
Reread the text book lesson - page 32-22
Practice your vocabulary by recitation - be sure you know words and sayings from each lesson.
Add the third and fourth principal part to your "sum" note card. You may also want to add the conjugations of each tense on separate note cards.
Do the workbook pages for lesson 11 (page 60-63)
Presentations: Imani- Roman house and family - due December 10
Remember no class next week - Have a Happy Thanksgiving!!
In today's class we learned about prepositions that take the ablative case. The students need to be sure to memorize not only the meaning of the preposition but the governing case. No Class next week - Have a Happy Thanksgiving! Homework:
Re-read the text book pages 30-31
Workbook pages 50-55
Notecards + derivatives
Write five English sentences with ablative phrases and then translate them into Latin. (try to include personal pronouns, newer vocabulary, and have them be complex sentences that might also include genitive and dative forms)
In today's class we reviewed the eight different types of pronouns - and then learned how decline the second person personal pronoun. We also discussed how pronouns refer to or take the place of the antecedent and the need to be careful when using pronouns in writing so that the meaning is clear.
Homework: 1. Re read the text book pages: 28-29 2. Workbook pages 46-49; Rachel - pages 60-66 3. Notecards + derivatives 4. Review, review, review! 5. Projects: Nov 12: Benjamin (Trojan War); Nov 19: Grant (Leonidas)
Note: Tuition is due the first Thursday of every month. Our grammar lesson today focused on the pluperfect tense. This tense refers to actions in the past that happened before another action in the past. For example: I had eaten my snack before my friend arrived. The key marker of pluperfect in English is the helping verb "had."
Homework: 1. Re-read the text book lessons - pages 28-29 2. Practice your vocabulary by recitation. Make sure you not only know this week's vocabulary - but all previous weeks! 3. Create notecards for each new vocabulary word + derivatives 4. Do the workbook pages for Lesson 9 (pages 50-54) 5. Project presentations for November 12: Grace (Roman architecture and aqueducts); November 19: Aidan (Science in Ancient Rome); Dec 10: Imani (Roman house and family). Note: if you do a power point as your visual, you still need to turn in the one page paper plus the bibliography.
In today's class we learned about the eight different types of pronouns - and then learned how decline the first person personal pronoun. We also discussed how pronouns refer to or take the place of the antecedent and the need to be careful when using pronouns in writing so that the meaning is clear.
Homework: 1. Re read the text book pages: 24, 26-27 2. Workbook pages 42-45 3. Notecards + derivatives 4. Review, review, review! 5. Upcoming projects: Benjamin - Nov 12 - Trojan War; Grant - Nov 19 - Leonidas
In today's lesson we learned how to conjugate verbs in the perfect tense. The perfect tense is for one time actions completed in the past: I walked to school yesterday. I have lived in Europe. I did scare that cat.
Homework: 1. Re-read the text book lesson - pages 26-27 2. Practice your vocabulary by recitation (be sure that you know words from previous lessons!) 3. Create notecards for the new vocabulary words. You do not need to do derivatives this week. 4. Workbook pages for lesson 8 - pages 45-49 5. Presentation - Grant - Roman Gladiators and the Colosseum - due November 5; Grace - Roman architecture and aqueducts - due November 12; Aidan - Science in Ancient Rome - November 19
Today's class period focused on review before our Unit I test. We worked together on parsing a sentence and then translating it from English into Latin. The students also worked on form drills - and need to do a little more review on 3rd declension nouns and adjectives (including -i stems!).
Homework: 1. Workbook review pages 35 - 40 2. Review grammar and vocabulary! 3. After studying, do the take home test. It should be done without assistance of any kind. The test should not take more than 30 - 45 minutes - but it does not need to be timed. 4. Upcoming presentations - Carson - Gladiators and Colosseum - Nov 5; Benjamin - Trojan War - Nov 12; Grant - Leonidas - Nov 19.
Unit II begins with learning the four principal parts for all the verbs we've covered thus far - and recognizing the four irregular verbs we've learned. We also discussed complementary infinitives (specifically when used as direct objects: I love to travel; I want to wash the dog.)
Homework: 1. Re-read the text book lessons - pages 22 - 25 2. Practice your vocabulary by recitation - be sure that you know all the words thus far. 3. Add the third and fourth principal parts of each Latin verb to your notecards. Be sure to check the spelling! 4. Do the workbook pages for lesson 7 (pages 41 - 44) 5. Presentations: Maya - Roman Army due Oct 29; Grant - Roman Gladiators and Colosseum - Nov 5; Aidan - Science in Ancient Rome - Nov 19
In today's lesson we learned about third declension adjectives. The endings for theses adjectives are very similar to what we saw last week with third declension -i stem nouns.
Homework: Next week will be review before our unit test. The students especially need to work on the third declension noun endings - review, review, review!!
1. Review all the grammar and vocabulary 2. Re read the text book pages 20-21 3. Workbook pages 29 - 34 4. Create and English sentence with the following: at least one genitive, a dative, a 3rd declension adjective, and an accusative. Then translate it into Latin. 5. Upcoming projects: Carson - Nov 5 - Roman Gladiators and the Colosseum; Nov 12 - Benjamin - Trojan War
Today was a review day. We talked about all the grammar and terms that we have learned so far. To study that, the students need to read their text - and then in the back of the workbook there is the entire list of grammar questions I ask the students each week in class (begin with question #10).
Here is a "trick" to translating verbs: translate them backwards. So - if we look at the Latin word OCCUPABAS. From the last letter of "S" - you know it's second person singular - you; from the next two letters "BA" - you know it's imperfect tense and was/were; and then you have the stem. So...you were seizing.
To practice in class we worked on doing a synopsis. For this, instead of writing out the conjugation of "give" in present, imperfect, and future tenses - you just pick a person and number and then write it in the three tenses (for example: to give = dare, and in 1st person plural, it would be: damus, dabamus, and dabimus).
Homework: 1. Re read the text book lessons - pages 8-21 2. Practice your vocabulary by recitation 3. Be sure you know all the Latin sayings (in English and Latin) and how to spell them correctly. 4. Workbook pages for lesson 6: pages 34-39 - you may skip questions 3 and 16 (note it's AND not THROUGH! :-) ). 5. Take home test. The test should be taken when the student is prepared - as long as it's before class next week. It should be monitored and taken without assistance of any kind. The exam should not take more than 30-45 minutes - but it does not need to be timed. If you come across any issues/questions - please don't hesitate to contact me! 6. Project presentations: Oct 29 - Maya - Roman Army; Nov 5 - Grant - Roman Gladiators and the Colosseum
Today's lesson focused on two elements of Latin grammar. The first one is 3rd declension -i stem nouns (looking at them in both genders) - and the rules that go with determining if they are -i stems or exceptions. Secondly, we talked about the genitive case. The genitive case is used to show possession in Latin.
Review the grammar and vocabulary!
Re-read the text book pages 18-19
Workbook pages 20-23 (you may skip questions 3, 9, and 10 on page 24)
Notecards + derivatives
Create an English sentence with a subject and verb and at least 1 genitive, a dative, an adjective, and an accusative. Translate into Latin
In English, the verb "to be" is irregular. It is also irregular in Latin. We learned the infinitive, present, imperfect, and future tenses of the verb. It is important for the students to understand that there are not helping verbs in Latin - but you will need them to translate from Latin to English.
Review wise - the students need to review lesson 4 about the infinitive form. Especially pay attention to how the infinitive is used to find the stem of a Latin verb (drop the -re from the infinitive and what is left is the present stem - this is what you use to add all the personal endings!).
Homework: 1. Re-read the text book pages 18-19 2. Practice your vocabulary words by recitation (be sure to go over ALL words that we've learned!) 3. Be sure that you know the Latin sayings (and how to spell them correctly) 4. Do notecards for each tense of sum – include both the Latin and the English. Also be sure to do a “regular” notecard for sum that includes the infinitive and translation. 5. Workbook pages for lesson 5 - pages 30-33 6. Upcoming projects: Oct 29 - Maya - Roman Army; Nov 5 - Grant - Roman Gladiators and the Colosseum
Second Form - Today's lesson focused on review - specifically that of third, fourth, and fifth declension nouns - and these are ones that typically give students troubles. Time really needs to be spent on reviewing these - going over not only the vocabulary but also the declension forms.
·Review the grammar and vocabulary from First Form!
Today's lesson focused on the second principal part of Latin verbs - the infinitive. To translate this form into English, the students will use to + the verb (to love, to shout, to pray are all infinitives). Students need to be sure that they know ALL the vocabulary words presented thus far - and be able to conjugate them in the present, imperfect, and future tenses.
Engrade: All grades are posted through www.engrade.com. On the first day of classes your student was given an access code. If you have not registered and you need this code, please let me know and I'll email it to you. Grades are typically entered within 24 hours of the class so that progress can be monitored at anytime.
Tuition: If you are on the monthly payment plan, tuition for October was due today.
Re-read the text book lessons – pages 8-17
Practice your vocabulary by recitation (practice words from Lessons 1 -3!)
Add the infinitive form to each of your note cards. (Be sure to add it to the Latin side. Remember that we will eventually learn the 3rd and 4th principal parts so you will want to leave room for those to be added later as well)
Today's Second Form lesson focused on 1st/2nd declension adjectives that end in -r. The students have learned the method to determine if the vowel before the -r is dropped or retained. Next we discussed the dative case and how to determine if a noun is the direct or indirect object in an English sentence.
Review vocabulary and grammar from First Form
Workbook pages 14-19
Write a sentence in English using an adjective from this week's vocabulary, a direct object, and an indirect object. Then translate the sentence into Latin using correct word order. (Be sure to use words we have learned - do not use words from future lessons!)
"In umbra, igitur, pugnabimus." This is our saying for the week - and a great Latin quote. We watched a short clip from "The 300" that elucidates this phrase.
We began class today with oral drill work, a quiz, and then recitation and review. In the back of the workbooks are both vocabulary and grammar review sheets - the students can work on quizzing themselves as part of their studying each day. Repetition - especially in the form of chanting out loud - will really help to cement the vocabulary and forms to memory.
Our grammar lesson today was how to form the future tense for first conjugation verbs.
•1. Make flash cards for each of your Latin words. On one side write the Latin, on the other the English meaning + derivative found the book + one more found in a dictionary.
•2. Re-read the text book lesson – pages 14 – 15
•3. Practice your vocabulary by recitation (practice words from both Lesson 1, 2, and 3!)
•4. Do the workbook pages for Lesson 3 (pages 20-24) (NOTE BENE: you may skip questions 5 - 8 on page 20)
Second Form: In today's class we reviewed a little and then moved on to our new grammar of the day - 2nd declension nouns ending in -er and -ir. The students need to pay attention to the stem to see if the vowel before the -r remains or is dropped.
Homework: 1. Review grammar and vocabulary from First Form 2. Workbook pages 10 -13 3. Re read the text book lesson from today 4. Notecards and derivatives for new vocabulary words
We began class with a quick review and oral drill over the vocabulary and grammar from last week and then the students took their first quiz.
Our lesson from today was learning about the imperfect tense. Imperfect means a past action that is either repeated or interrupted. For example:
I was walking the dog. The students used to study French. The key is in the helping verbs - imperfect is always translated with either was/were or used to.
Homework: 1. Make notecards (including derivatives) for each of your new vocabulary words. 2. Reread the text book lesson for this week: pages 12 -13 3. Practice your vocabulary by recitation (be sure to go over the words from both lessons). 4. Do the workbook pages for lesson 2 - pages 14-19. If you have never diagrammed sentences before, you will need to read pages 93-98 in the text book. You may skip question 8 on page 14.
Today we began class by looking over the syllabus: 1. All grades will be on engrade.com and the students were given access codes for you to sign up so that you can see how your student is doing. 2. We will take the National Latin exam in March. The cost for the exam is $10 - this can be sent in anytime before we break for Christmas 3. We will have two grading periods this year - and the students will do one project for each semester. The guidelines are the same - but the students really need to work on their presentations and be sure to not read their projects but tell the class about what they have learned.
The remainder of the class was a quick review of First Form Latin. The students need to review 3rd, 4th and 5th declension nouns as well as 2nd conjugation verbs. We spent some time at the board going over nouns and verbs.
Homework: 1. Read chapter one in the text book 2. Work book pages 6-9 3. Review, review, review (grammar and vocab from last year)!! 4. Parent and student needs to sign that you have read the syllabus - this will count as a homework grade.
Today we began class by looking over the syllabus - couple of things to note: 1. All grades will be on engrade.com and the students were given access codes for you to sign up so that you can see how your student is doing. 2. We will take the National Latin exam in March. The cost for the exam is $10 - this can be sent in anytime before we break for Christmas
We began class by learning the difference between ecclesiastical and Classical Latin - and then working on Classical Latin pronunciation. The text book that we use prefers the church Latin - so we will ignore those sections of the text!
After some practice words, we delved right into Latin grammar regarding verbs and then learned how to conjugate a 1st conjugation verb in the present tense.
Homework 1. One of the keys to doing well in Latin is to do homework DAILY. Break up the weekly assignment into 4 sections with vocabulary and grammar review. We will have a quiz each week at the beginning of class. 2. Re-read the text book lesson - pages 8-11 3. Practice your vocabulary words by recitation. Make sure you know their meaning and how to conjugate them. 4. Do the work book lesson for chapter 1 (pages 9-13) 5. Be sure to have both a parent and student signature on your syllabus. Will count as a homework grade! 6. Create notecards/flash cards for each vocabulary word. Remember what we discussed in class - leave room for 3 more words on the Latin side; on the English side: meaning and 2 derivatives
In today's class we finished our grammar lessons for the year by learning how to form 4th conjugation verbs and 3rd conjugation -io verbs in the present system passive voice. The students need to be especially careful not to confuse many of the noun vocabulary words this week with passive verb forms. Third Form - we learned irregular comparative/superlative adverbs. Next week is the final class - we will have the final exam in class. Please bring a book or something to do after you have completed your exam.
1.Read pages 76-77; TF: 94-95
2.workbook pages for lesson 26 – pages 165-171; TF: 245-249
3.Note cards and derivatives
4. Look over/complete the review lessons in the book and workbook as needed to study for the final exam.
Well, we are really winding down. Today was the last lesson for the school year - next week is our final class with the final exam.
Today's lesson focused on the remaining 2nd conjugation verbs and their principal parts as well as covering the perfect system of 2nd conjugation verbs.
Homework: 1. Read the text book pages 80-81 2. Workbook pages for lesson 32 - pages 165-169 - you may do the workbook pages for the review chapters if you'd like as part of your studying for the final exam. 3. Add the remaining principal parts to your notecards 4. Be sure to review previous vocabulary. 5. Be sure to review declension endings and verb endings. 6. Be sure to review the grammar in the back of the workbook!
In today's class we learned the present system, passive for the third conjugation verbs. This conjugation continues to use the same passive endings as the other passive forms - and that 2nd person singular continues to be the one irregularity in the system. In Third Form, we learned how to form comparative and superlative adverbs.
Homework: 1. Read pages 74-75; TF: 92-93 2. Workbook pages for lesson 25 - pages 159-164; TF: 240-244 3. Notecards + derivatives 4. Next week is the final lesson of the year! Final exam is in class on May 11.
In today's class we spent a lot of time reviewing translations from the workbook exercises and then we discussed the regular and irregular principal parts for the 2nd conjugation.
Homework: 1. Read the text book pages 78-79 2. Workbook pages for lesson 31: pages 161-164 3. Add the principal parts to your notecards for the ones listed in lesson 31 4. Be sure to review: previous vocabulary, declension endings, grammar at the back of the workbook, and verb endings
In today's class we learned the Present system passive for 2nd conjugation verbs. We also learned a new construction called the Ablative of Means. It's important to see the differences between these forms: I walk with Anna (cum + ablative as it's accompaniment) I write with a pen (ablative of means - no preposition used) In Third Form we continued learning comparative and superlative adjectives - focusing today on irregular forms. The key is, if it's irregular in English, it's likely to be irregular in Latin as well. Congratulations to the great scores you all received on the National Latin exam!
Homework: 1. Read pages 72-73; Third Form: 90-91 2. workbook pages for lesson 24 - pages 152-158; Third Form: 235-239 3. Note cards and derivatives; SF - you don't need to do any derivatives this week!